100 Years of Architecture

By Alan Powers

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  • Hardback
  • 313 color illustrations
  • 304 pages
  • 9⅞ x 9 ins
  • ISBN 9781780678238
  • Published August 2016

This unique visual history documents in pictures the most exciting and dynamic period of architecture: from the early 20th century to the present day, covering all the key movements, styles and architects, together with many lesser known but important names and buildings. 

 Through archival and full-colour photography, plans and architectural drawings, the book illustrates the changing nature of architecture and its expansion during this period from the early developments of concrete and steel, through the eruption of Modernism to the provocative arguments of Postmodernism in the 1980s, right up to today’s superstars and global brands

 Written by an expert on 20th-century architecture, 100 Years of Architecture has the authority to serve both architecture students and professionals, but packed with more than 300 images, it will also appeal to the general reader.

About the Author

Alan Powers is a well known writer on twentieth-century visual culture. He has had a career in conservation, teaching and curating exhibitions. His books include Modern: The Modern Movement in Britain (2005), Eric Ravilious (2014) and a forthcoming monograph on the artist Edward Ardizzone. He is an honorary of the RIBA and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquities. 

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1 Memory, Modernity and Modernism 1890–1914

Background: Imagining a new world.

Featured architects: O. Wagner, H. P. Berlage, Peter Behrens, Frank Lloyd Wright, C. F. A. Voysey, C. R. Mackintosh, A. Gaudí A. Sant’ Elia, A. Loos, B. G. Goodhue, E. Howard, Soria y Mata, D. Burnham

 

2 Solidity and scenography 1914–1939

Background: Tradition and decorum; Classical rationality and Gothic structure.

Featured architects: E. Lutyens, R. Ostberg, J. Hofmann, E. G. Asplund, M. Piacentini, A. Perret, P. P. Cret, K. Moser, H. Tessenow, Paul Bonatz, R. Schwarz, D. Böhm, J. Plecnik, W. M. Dudok, G. Muzio, G. Howe, R. Hood, B. Goodhue, C. Holden

 

3 The New Reality 1914–1932

Background: The development of Modernist theory and practice; buildings and the city.

Featured architects: W. Gropius, Le Corbusier, Bruno Taut, Ernst May, Mies van der Rohe, E. Mendelsohn, K. Melnikov, M. Ginsburg, V. & L.  Vesnin, G. Rietveld, K. Honzig, Brinckman & Van der Vlugt, A. Aalto, G. Terragni, H. Häring, Eileen Gray

 

4 The Lost Lands of Modernism Refound 1920–1939

Background: Why certain countries received more attention than others in the writing of the history of the twentieth century.

Featured architecture: Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Baltic States, Turkey, Greece, South Africa, China 

 

5 Other Modern: Romanticism and Revision 1933–1945

Background: Changing conditions and expectations  – the romantic turn

Featured architects: Later work by A. Aalto, Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, E. G. Asplund. M. Breuer, B. Lubetkin, K. Fisker, E. Saarinen, D. Lasdun

 

6 Architecture’s Expanding Field

Background: The generational layering of modern architecture – first, second and third generations working alongside each other, diverging aims and outcomes. 

Featured architects: CIAM and Team 10,  Mies van der Rohe, H. Scharoun, Le Corbusier, J. L. Sert, F. Pouillon, J. Utzon, L. Kahn, BBPR, C. Scarpa, L. Costa, O. Niemeyer, P. Rudolph, G. Kallmann, L. Martin, D. Lasdun, A & P Smithson, J. Stirling & J. Gowan, A. van Eyck, G. de Carlo, K. Tange, E. Goldfinger, G. Ponti, G. Michelucci

 

7 Science and Service in the Modern World 1945–1980

Background: Technocratic humanism without ego; the emergence of green architecture and urbanism.

Featured architects: SOM, Atelier 5 Halen, Arup Associates, London County Council, Leslie Martin, I. M. Pei, Michael Hopkins

 

8 Structure and Skin 1975–2014

Background: High Tech as theory and practice

Featured architects: B. Fuller, J. Prouvé, E. Ehrenkrantz, C. Eames, R. Rogers, R. Piano, N. Foster, J. Nouvel

 

9 Recovered Memory 1950–1990

Background: Post-Modernism as provocation and corrective.

Featured architects: Precursors of Post-Modernism in Italy in the 1950s, decorative architectures in South America (Lina Bo Bardi), Venturi & Scott-Brown, C. Moore, M. Graves, R. Bofill, A. Rossi 

 

10 Romantics and Regionalists 1960–2014

Background: Alternatives in late 20th-century architecture.

Featured architects: S. Fehn, I. Makovecz, A. Siza, C. Correa, R. Moneo, H. Hertzberger, T. Ando, E. Miralles, P. Zumthor, G. Murcutt, A. Isosaki, M. Botta

 

11 Superstars and Global Brands 1970–2014

Background: Changes in architects’ self-image and promotion; the transformation of High-Tech into a global brand; the rise of the icon building, deconstruction and parametrics.

Featured architects: P. Eisenman and New York Five, S. Holl, F. Gehry, R. Koolhaas, D. Libeskind, Z. Hadid 

 

12 Controlled Experience 1980–2014

Background: Fashions in architectural taste and imagery from the 1990s to 2014.

Featured architects: Herzog & De Meuron, Gigon & Guyer; MRDV, Van Berkel & Bos; Diller & Scofidio, Snohetta, Chipperfield, O’Donnell & Tuomey, Williams & Tsien, SANAA, FOA, Caruso St John